The language skills at this point are well developed. Children at this stage should be able to pronounce words clearly, speak in complex and compound sentences, use correct grammar for the most part and have good-sized vocabularies that continue to grow rapidly. Children this age enjoy initiating conversations, can wait their turn to speak during group conversations and are typically able to include appropriate details when sharing personal experiences. At the same time, try not to worry if your child seems a little behind his friends with speech. Once children go to school they often catch up with their peers in no time. If you are concerned with your child’s speech, have a chat to your GP who might suggest word exercises or a speech therapist.
Children this age can manage feelings and social situations with greater independence. They might decide on their own to go to another room to calm down, or try strategies like negotiation and compromise to resolve a conflict before seeking adult help. Your child may still be having tantrums at this age but they are very different to a year ago and you should be able to calm them down quicker and with (a bit of!) reasoning. They also have improved skills for forming and maintaining friendships with adults and other children. Close bonds with siblings, cousins and friends are especially important for learning how to share and interact with other children and for developing relationships that will continue into adulthood.