Male infertility: what you need to know
Is it him? Does your man need to boost his fertility? Dr Gemma Castillón tells you what you need to know and what you can do.
What you can do
Nothing you do at home will give you that 100 per cent certainty of having a baby, but it's worth trying Vitamin E, Vitamin D, selenium, zinc and these kind of supplements. Stop smoking, and lead the healthiest lifestyle you can. And try to avoid creating high temperatures around the testicles.
It can be harder for men to accept they are the problem, but that is the easiest problem to treat. There is a simple solution, and the treatments have shown very good results.
As soon as men accept that they need the treatment, then they reduce the stress of the problem. Emotionally it's hard for women and for men in any kind of situation like this.
The main problem with male fertility sperm count, but it is very simple to resolve with IVF.
But although you can correct the low sperm count with IVF that may not be the only problem. If the man keeps transmitting anomalous sperm to the embryo, then miscarriage is more likely.
We have done clinical trials to find the stage at which embryos show anomalies in men that have a really low sperm count. When we apply genetic changes to the IVF cycles then we can improve the chances for couples of having a baby.
About 70 per cent of the pregnancies were successful – without these changes you just have a 45 per cent of a successful pregnancy. What we want is to avoid miscarriages, not just to help women get pregnant, but for them not to have to go through miscarriages and treatment.
Dr Gemma Castillón is a gynaecologist at the IVI Fertility Clinic in Barcelona.